For love of domination we must substitute equality; for love of victory we must substitute justice; for brutality we must substitute intelligence; for competition we must substitute co-operation. We must learn to think of the human race as one family."
- Bertrand Russell in the "New Internationalist Magazine"
My own ideas on the quote:
One can only add to this wonderful quote that competition is not the only or even major force that has driven humanity and progress forward especially in the field of science. With whom did Newton or Einstein compete when they did their findings? The answer is: nobody. They were driven by intellectual curiosity and most of all by an inner need to understand and know more.
Newton or Einstein were not competing with other people, but with just their former selves. The need to improve one's thinking and mind is not dependent on competition with others. The need and will to improve oneself is, in fact, one of the greatest forces that have driven mankind forward.
Pure intellectual curiosity and the need to understand more have been the biggest motivators of all great minds, I think. The possible rewards in the form of money or fame have been secondary in all really big innovations.
Of course, small-scale and industry-level innovation can be motivated with monetary rewards also, but it hardly the case that Newton or Einstein would have produced anything bigger or better if they would have received more money because of their world-changing innovations.
Bertrand Russell is in Facebook at:
"Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic."